Please note: This PhD seminar will take place in DC 1302 and online.
Oscar Zhao, PhD candidate
David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science
Supervisor: Professor Ali Mashtizadeh
In recent years, an increasing number of hardware devices started providing programming interfaces to developers such as smart NICs. Processor vendors use microcode to extend processors’ features such as Intel SGX and VT-x. This enables processor architects to quickly evolve processor designs and features. However, modern processors still lack general programmability as microcode is inaccessible to system developers. Developers still cannot define custom processor features. We argue that processors should expose this capability to developers, which enables new operating system and application designs.
We propose Metal, a novel open architecture that enables system developers to define custom instructions with microcode level overhead. We implement a prototype of Metal on a 5-stage pipelined RISC processor with minimal additional hardware resources. We demonstrate Metal’s capability by building a variety of architectural extensions such as user defined privilege levels. We also discuss other potential applications and future directions for Metal.
To attend this PhD seminar in person, please go to DC 1302. You can also attend virtually using Zoom at https://uwaterloo.zoom.us/j/94381904069.
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1