Ubuntu Image Creation

This TWIKI is current the standard for Research and GradPC images

*Note: The following two alternate documents are out as of date 16 Oct 2012

Ubuntu Releases

OLD documents

OldUbuntuImageNotes

Ubuntu Install Procedure

Before you install

Assumptions

  • You need network access
  • Windows Image has been installed first!

Install

  • Do clean Install of Ubuntu X.XX with the AMD ALT CD - 32bit or 64bit
  • Ignore network detection error and proceed
  • Hostname: scspcxxx
  • Manual disk partitioning and use /dev/sda5 for root
  • Skip keyboard detection
  • Create cscf-adm user (with /cscf-adm as home directory)
  • Reboot when done

Post Install

Enable Automatic Updates

Machine Inventory

  • After the machine is completely built and installed get an inventory of the hardware, settings and benchmarks
  • sudo apt-get install hardinfo
  • This creates a Gnome menu item Applications>System Tools>System Profiler and Benchmark
  • Run it and save a report as either HTML or plain text

Users

  • Create cscf-op user
  • set root password - nomally this is the cscf-adm password
  • create any other users

Ubuntu 10.04, 11.04, 11.10, 12.04 and 13.04

CS Specific Software and Configuration Updates

Ubuntu CSCF research image setup

Note: 10May2012: Phil using these instructions for Grad Workstation Linux creation.

LDAP - Active Directory

.

Scripting the Ubuntu install

Updated 25 June 2013 Tested on 13.04, 12.04LTS - May have minor issue with 10.04 .. 11.10 with Multimedia only

  • See UbuntuScripts for additional documentation of scripts found in asimov:/coregroup1/images/ubuntu-scripts
  • The following script will automatically update a *clean system to the combined CSCF standard except AD setup*
  • You MUST be root to run the following scripts in a BASH shell window
  • Warning this ASSUMES you are setting up a clean install
    • Some actions will overwrite config files examine the script first
    • Location: cscf-adm@asimov:/coregroup1/images/ubuntu-scripts
    • rsync -a cscf-adm@asimov:/coregroup1/images/ubuntu-scripts .
    • cd ubuntu-scripts
    • ./updates - answer yes - documentation for this script below

Automation

Script Source Files

25 June 2013 - ALWAYS get the latest files from ASIMOV
cscf-adm@asimov:/coregroup1/images/ubuntu-scripts
These are only for reference

Creating TWIKI docs from the updates2twiki script

  • Get the scripts - previous steps and run
    • make
      • gcc updates2twiki.c -o updates2twiki
      • ./updates2twiki -c -i updates -o twiki.txt

updates2twiki program options

  • Usage: ./updates2twiki -c -i updates -o twiki.txt
    • -i input file
    • -o output file
    • -c include each sections main "pause,if,else,fi" statements in the twiki.txt - see below
  • Note: Running */updates2twiki -c -i updates -o twiki.txt is done automatically if you run make - see below

updates2twiki program syntax

* Syntax of BASH keywords or functions recognized as input for the updates2twiki program

  • What it does: The program reads a BASH shell script and interprets a specific set of keywords (shown below) to create twiki documentation*
  • We show the BASH keyword and action in the table as follows:
  • *Left side: BASH keyword, right side: how updates2twiki treats the BASH keyword when creating the twiki text
   pause[_no|__yes] message... - starts a documentation section
                               - message is TWIKI title
                               - optionally displayed in twiki
   if [ $? -eq 1 ]        - optionally displayed in twiki
   then
      # ===               - starts or optionally terminates a documentation section
      #                   - SHELL comment   - verbatim
      text                - SHELL commands  - verbatim
   else                   - optionally displayed in twiki
      # ===               - starts or optionally terminates a documentation section
      #                   - SHELL comment   - verbatim
      text                - SHELL commands  - verbatim
   fi                     - optionally displayed in twiki
   END OF FILE            - terminates all sections

  1. ) pause[_no|_yes] creates a header and starts a TWIKI verbatim section
    • for pause_no if N is entered then return code of 1 is set
    • for pause_yes if Y is entered then return code of 1 is set
  2. ) # === or pause or end of file - ends a verbatim section
  3. ) If any text is outside of a verbatim context it is ignored

updates script syntax

  • *./updates [-y|-n] [-d]
  • -y default answer is Y - if you hit enter or Y it will return with 1, else 0
  • -n default answer is N - if you hit enter or N it will return with 0, else if Y return 1
  • -d debug - only used for plain pause statements
   pause[_no|__yes] message... displays message and waits for the user to type Y or N, Note Y=1, N=0
   if [ $? -eq 1 ]
   then
      text                - Yes section - SHELL commands 
   else - optional
      text                -  NO section - SHELL commands 
   fi

START of updates script

  • Note: update twiki.txt file the attachment table at the end of the section to update the included section below
    • Not sure why we have to use the absolute path in the INCLUDE directive

Start of AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED section

  • This section was created on: Tue Nov 26 19:40:33 2013

Update sources.list to mirror.cs

   APT=/etc/apt/sources.list
   # The new mirror site we want to use
   MIRROR=mirror.cs.uwaterloo.ca
   # Update Apt Repository Sources to use the CS sponsered local mirror 
   sed_file "s/..\.archive.ubuntu.com/$MIRROR/" "$APT"
   # Update Package list 
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1
apt-get -y -q install aptitude

Remove Network Manager Completely - Answer NO on laptops

*NOT USED BY DEFAULT*
        apt-get -y purge network-manager-gnome network-manager-pptp network-manager-pptp-gnome
        echo skipping

Make sure eth0 network interface is set to DHCP

   echo After imaging eth0 can end up as a higher interface number
   echo So Make sure the first interface ends up as eth0
   echo Note: Change will take effect after rebooting
   INTERFACES=/etc/network/interfaces
   ETH0=`ifconfig -a | grep "^eth0"`
   if [ -z "$ETH0" ]
   then
      echo "after reboot the main network will be eth0"
      rm -f /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules
   fi
   echo Update $INTERFACES if needed
   ETH0=`grep "auto eth0" $INTERFACES >/dev/null`
   if [ -z "$ETH0" ]
   then
      echo $INTERFACES already set to DHCP on eth0
   else
      echo "auto eth0" >>$INTERFACES
      echo "iface eth0 inet dhcp" >>$INTERFACES
   fi

DHCP Client update fix by Trevor Grove

   # RT79425
   # Trevor Grove
   OPTION="option domain-search code 119 = string;"
   # Note: dhclient.conf moves location between 10.04 and 11.04
        #       so we have to find it
   DHCONF=`find /etc -type f -name dhclient.conf`
   if [ -f "$DHCONF" ]
   then
      if grep "$OPTION" "$DHCONF" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
         echo "$OPTION - ALREADY EXISTS "
      else
         echo "$OPTION;" >> "$DHCONF"
      fi
   else
      echo "dhclient.conf file does not exist!"
   fi

Disable Guest Account

   # Phil Beldowski
   OPTION="allow-guest=false"
   LIGHTDM=/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
   if [ -f "$LIGHTDM" ]
   then
      if grep "$OPTION" "$LIGHTDM" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
         echo $OPTION - ALREADY EXISTS 
      else
         echo "$OPTION" >> "$LIGHTDM"
      fi
   else
      echo "$LIGHTDM file does not exist!"
   fi

Allow manually typed userid entry at login

   # Gordon Boerke
   OPTION="greeter-show-manual-login=true"
   LIGHTDM=/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
   if [ -f "$LIGHTDM" ]
   then
      if grep "$OPTION" "$LIGHTDM" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
         echo $OPTION - ALREADY EXISTS 
      else
         echo "$OPTION" >> "$LIGHTDM"
      fi
   else
      echo "$LIGHTDM file does not exist!"
   fi

Allow unattended securitry updates

   # Instal it
   sudo apt-get install unattended-upgrades
   # Enable it
   dpkg-reconfigure -plow unattended-upgrades --default-priority

Add mozilla/thunderbird beta next repo - typically no

*NOT USED BY DEFAULT*
   # Corrected Aug 30 2012
   add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/firefox-next
   add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/thunderbird-next
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1

Add medibuntu Repository

   wget  --no-check-certificate --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/`lsb_release -c -s`.list
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1
   apt-get -y -q --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring 
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1
   apt-get -y -q install app-install-data-medibuntu \
      apport-hooks-medibuntu

Add Wine Repository

   add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa

Add cononical Repository

   add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.canonical.com/ `lsb_release -c -s` partner"
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1

Upgrade the system BEFORE we install any packages

   # This permits fixes that did not get in the release to 
   # fix any issues in our install process later on in this script
   aptitude -q -y safe-upgrade

Install debconf-utils so we can script installs

   # This permits fixes that did not get in the release to 
   # fix any issues in our install process later on in this script
   aptitude -q -y install debconf-utils

Install etckeeper so we can track /etc file changes

   # This permits fixes that did not get in the release to 
   # fix any issues in our install process later on in this script
   aptitude -q -y install etckeeper

Install apt-rdepends so we can kind what pakages depend on a package

   # This permits fixes that did not get in the release to 
   # fix any issues in our install process later on in this script
   aptitude -q -y install apt-rdepends

Install apt-file find the package a file belongs to even if not installed

   # This permits fixes that did not get in the release to 
   # fix any issues in our install process later on in this script
   aptitude -q -y install apt-rdepends
   # Update its package list
   apt-file update

Install Uwdir

   aptitude -y -q install ldap-utils ldapscripts ldapvi
   wget --no-check-certificate -q https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/twiki/pub/CF/UbuntuImageCreation/uwdir -O /usr/local/bin/uwdir
   chmod 755 /usr/local/bin/uwdir

Install Will this System be part of AD - add Krbros and LDAP utils

*NOT USED BY DEFAULT*
   # Note krb5-user also gets installed by Claytons script
   aptitude -y -q install krb5-user libpam-krb5 libnss-ldap libpam-foreground 

Install SSH and Remote Host Access

   # See: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/SSHFS
   # See: https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/twiki/view/CF/SshFs 
   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install openssh-server \
      sshfs openssh-client openssl sshmenu-gnome hotssh 

Update SSH with local CS known hosts

   # Note: currently these ssh_known_hosts files are updated regularly three times per month.
   wget --no-check-certificate -q -O /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts \
        https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/cscf/software/ssh/data/ssh_known_hosts 
   wget --no-check-certificate -q -O /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts2 \
        https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/cscf/software/ssh/data/ssh_known_hosts2

Add CSCF root key to root

   # If root does not have a .ssh folder yet - make it
   if [ ! -d /root/.ssh ]
   then
      mkdir -p /root/.ssh
      chmod 700 /root/.ssh
   fi
   # NOTE We got they key on 1 Feb 2012 from cscf.cs 
   # Add cscf root PUBLIC key to the root authorized_keys2 file
   # TODO Might want to consider where to get this key 
   SSHPUB=cscf-root-key.txt
   SSHKEYS=/root/.ssh/authorized_keys2
   # Check if the key is already there
   if grep "`cat $SSHPUB`" $SSHKEYS >/dev/null
   then
      # echo has existing $SSHPUB in $SSHKEYS
      echo -n
   else
      echo appending $SSHPUB to $SSHKEYS
      cat $SSHPUB >> $SSHKEYS
   fi

Install Sun Java

*NOT USED BY DEFAULT*
   echo Sun Java is not available via updates and should not be used
   # aptitude -y -q install sun-java6-bin sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin

Java,Perl,Python,TCL,TK Computer Languages

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install openjdk-6-jdk openjdk-6-jre \
      java-common java-wrappers perl perl-base perl-modules perlmagick \
      python tcl tk

Acroread PDF

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install acroread \
      acroread-common acroread-fonts  
   # Non Existant
   # acroread-plugins acroread-fonts acroread-dictionary-en 
   # acroread-l10n-en mozilla-acroread 

Mail

   #see  CF.UbuntuEmail
   echo Leave unconfigured local mail only for now
   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install bsdmainutils bsdutils postfix

Fonts

   # aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install msttcorefonts ttf-mscorefonts-installer ttf-liberation x-ttcidfont-conf 
   echo we are haveing issues with MS fonts  - so skipping install
   echo - the updater keeps asking to fix them but never works

Install GNOME including Desktops

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install   gnome

Install Wine

   # recommends creats a conflict
   apt-get -q -y install wine
   # aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install wine

Install Restricted Extras - Multimedia Suuport Base

   apt-get -y -q install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Install Multimedia core support

   # See http://smashingweb.ge6.org/things-to-do-after-installing-ubuntu-12-04-for-perfect-desktop/
   # DVD
   apt-get -q -y install libdvdread4 
   /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh
   apt-get -q -y install libdvdcss2 libdvdcss-dev 
   apt-get -q -y install mplayer mplayer-doc smplayer gnome-mplayer 
   apt-get -q -y install audacious
   apt-get aptitude -q -y install clementine
   # VLC
   apt-get -q -y install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse
   # Audacity
   add-apt-repository ppa:audacity-team/daily 
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1
   apt-get -q -y install audacity lame libmp3lame0
   # Handbreak
   add-apt-repository ppa:stebbins/handbrake-snapshots 
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1
   apt-get -q -y install handbrake-gtk handbrake-cli
   # XBMC
   add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1
   apt-get -q -y install xbmc
   # Openshot Video Editor
   add-apt-repository ppa:jonoomph/openshot-edge
   apt-get -y -q update >/dev/null 2>&1
   apt-get -q -y install openshot openshot-doc
   # GTKPOD
   apt-get -q -y install gtkpod
   # K3B - Blueray playing/burning
   apt-get -q -y install k3b
   # FFMpeg
   apt-get -q -y install libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 libjpeg-progs flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview flac libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-0.7.4-dev libquicktime2
   # Gstreamer
   apt-get -q -y install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-fluendo-mp3 gstreamer0.10-gnonlin gstreamer0.10-sdl gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly totem-plugins-extra gstreamer-dbus-media-service gstreamer-tools
   # TOTEM
   apt-get -q -y --with-recommends install   \
      totem totem-common totem-gstreamer totem-mozilla totem-plugins 
   apt-get -q -y --with-recommends install   \
      aacgain aacplusenc alsa-firmware \
      pulseaudio pulseaudio-module-zeroconf \
      pulseaudio-utils mencoder \
      realplayer 

Install Browsers

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  chromium-browser firefox thunderbird \
      chromium-codecs-ffmpeg-extra chromium-codecs-ffmpeg-nonfree \
      ca-certificates ca-certificates-java

Install Flash

   # or flashplugin-nonfree
   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install flashplugin-installer

Install Google Earth

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install googleearth-package

Remote Desktop Utils

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  xtightvncviewer xvnc4viewer 
      # Not on laptops
      # vino vinagre xrdp

System Testing and Monitoring

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  cpudyn sensors-applet cpuburn \
      fancontrol hdparm hwinfo laptop-detect lm-sensors lshw \
      notification-daemon notify-osd notify-osd-icons pm-utils \
      smartmontools testdisk sysstat iotop hardinfo

Compilers and Development

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  build-essential fakeroot gdb \
   make patch git rcs subversion subversion-tools 

OCAML Computer Languages

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install ocaml ocaml-base ocaml-base-nox \
      ocaml-compiler-libs ocaml-findlib ocaml-interp \
      ocaml-native-compilers ocaml-nox ocaml-batteries-included \
      ocaml-core ocaml-findlib-wizard ocaml-libs ocaml-mode \
      ocaml-tools ocaml-ulex ocaml-ulex08 ocamldsort ocamlduce \
      ocamlduce-base ocamlgraph-editor ocamlmakefile ocamlviz \
      ocamlwc ocamlweb ocaml-book-en ocaml-doc

Install File System Utils

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install reiserfsprogs ntfs-3g ntfsprogs \
      rsnapshot rsync lvm2 mtools smbclient smbfs fuse-utils \
      dosfstools chkconfig debsums diffutils findutils lsof
   # For fuse users how what to access their sshfs share when becoming root
   # Add /etc/fuse.conf and uncomment user_allow_other
   if ! grep user_allow_other /etc/fuse.conf >/dev/null 2>&1
   then
      echo user_allow_other >>/etc/fuse.conf
   fi

Graphics and scanners

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  f-spot gimp gimp-data gimp-help-common \
      gimp-help-en gscan2pdf imagemagick sane sane-utils transfig xsane \
      xsane-common unpaper

Install DVD/CD tools

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install   dvd+rw-tools brasero brasero-common \
      cdparanoia cdrdao dvd+rw-tools

Install USB tools

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install   usb-creator-common \
      usb-creator-gtk usbmuxd

Archivers

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install bzip2 gzip bzip2 gzip \
      p7zip-full p7zip-rar unzip zip cpio tar cabextract 

Torrent

*NOT USED BY DEFAULT*
   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  vuze tracker tracker-search-tool \
      transmission-common transmission-gtk

Speech CODICs

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install \
      libopencore-amrnb-dev libopencore-amrnb0 libopencore-amrnb0-dbg \
      libopencore-amrwb-dev libopencore-amrwb0 libopencore-amrwb0-dbg

Speech Synth

   if compare_ge $RELEASENO 11.10
   then
      aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install espeak
   else
      aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install \
      speech-dispatcher brltty-speechd cl-speech-dispatcher \
      gnome-speech-swift libgnome-speech-dev libgnome-speech7 \
      speech-dispatcher-festival speech-dispatcher-flite \
      speech-tools speech-tools-doc speechd-el 
   fi
   # ===================================================================
   pause_yes Voip
   if [ $? -eq 1 ]
   then
      echo gizmo5 may not exist - ignore the error
      aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install gizmo5 skype 
   fi

Math

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install   dc bc units mathpiper \
      apcalc apcalc-common apcalc-dev calcoo extcalc python-mpmath \
      python-mpmath-doc rpncalc 

Database Clients

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install mysql-client sqlite sqlite3

PDF utilities

   # PDF utils
   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install evince pdfedit gscan2pdf \
      pdf2djvu pdf2svg pdfchain pdfcube pdfgrep pdfjam pdfmod \
      pdfposter pdfsam pdfshuffler pdftk pod2pdf qpdf
   # XPDF breaks cups
   # xpdf xpdf-common xpdf-reader xpdf-utils 

Libre Office Environmet

   # Install Office - depending on version
   RELEASENO=`lsb_release -rs`
   if compare_ge $RELEASENO 10.04
   then
      echo Installing LibreOffice 
      # 13.04 or greater ?
      if compare_ge $RELEASENO 13.04
      then
         aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install \
         libreoffice-base \
         libreoffice-base-core \
         libreoffice-calc \
         libreoffice-common \
         libreoffice-core \
         libreoffice-dbg \
         libreoffice-dev \
         libreoffice-dev-doc \
         libreoffice-draw \
         libreoffice-gnome \
         libreoffice-gtk \
         libreoffice-help-en-us \
         libreoffice-help-fr \
         libreoffice-impress \
         libreoffice-java-common \
         libreoffice-l10n-en-gb \
         libreoffice-l10n-fr \
         libreoffice-math \
         libreoffice-nlpsolver \
         libreoffice-officebean \
         libreoffice-ogltrans \
         libreoffice-pdfimport \
         libreoffice-presentation-minimizer \
         libreoffice-style-human \
         libreoffice-style-tango \
         libreoffice-writer \
         browser-plugin-libreoffice \
         docvert-libreoffice \
         libreoffice \
         libreoffice-dmaths \
         libreoffice-emailmerge \
         libreoffice-filter-mobiledev \
         libreoffice-gtk3 \
         libreoffice-kde \
         libreoffice-librelogo \
         libreoffice-lightproof-en \
         libreoffice-mysql-connector \
         libreoffice-presenter-console \
         libreoffice-report-builder \
         libreoffice-report-builder-bin \
         libreoffice-script-provider-bsh \
         libreoffice-script-provider-js \
         libreoffice-script-provider-python \
         libreoffice-sdbc-postgresql \
         libreoffice-style-crystal \
         libreoffice-style-galaxy \
         libreoffice-style-hicontrast \
         libreoffice-style-oxygen \
         libreoffice-subsequentcheckbase \
         libreoffice-templates \
         libreoffice-wiki-publisher \
         libreoffice-writer2latex \
         libreoffice-writer2xhtml \
         libreoffice-zemberek \
         openclipart-libreoffice \
         openclipart2-libreoffice \
      else
         aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install libreoffice \
         libreoffice-writer2latex libreoffice-writer2xhtml \
         libreoffice-pdfimport libreoffice-wiki-publisher \
         libreoffice-emailmerge libreoffice-evolution \
         libreoffice-java-common libreoffice-filter-mobiledev \
         libreoffice-mysql-connector libreoffice-sdbc-postgresql
      fi
   else
      echo Installing OpenOffice
      aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install openoffice,org \
      openoffice.org-writer2latex openoffice.org-writer2xhtml \
      openoffice.org-pdfimport openoffice.org-wiki-publisher \
      openoffice.org-emailmerge openoffice.org-evolution \
      openoffice.org-java-common \
      openoffice.org-filter-mobiledev \
      openoffice.org-mysql-connector openoffice.org-sdbc-postgresql
   fi

GEDIT

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  gedit gedit-common \
      gedit-dev gedit-developer-plugins gedit-latex-plugin gedit-plugins

Emacs

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  emacs23 \
      emacs23-bin-common emacs23-common emacs23-el

VIM

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  vim vim-common vim-dbg \
      vim-doc vim-gnome vim-gui-common vim-runtime vim-tiny \
      vim-addon-manager vim-gtk vim-latexsuite \
      vim-nox vim-rails vim-scripts vim-syntax-gtk vim-vimoutliner vim-puppet

Misc Editors

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install groff-base less nano tomboy 

Postscript

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  ghostscript gv ps2eps antiword

Spelling

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install aspell aspell-en dictionaries-common

Accounting

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install acct adduser

Gnu PGP

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install gnupg

Tex and LaTex

   if compare_ge $RELEASENO 13.04
   then
      aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install \
      texlive  \
      texlive-base  \
      texlive-bibtex-extra  \
      texlive-binaries  \
      texlive-common  \
      texlive-doc-base  \
      texlive-extra-utils  \
      texlive-font-utils  \
      texlive-fonts-extra-doc  \
      texlive-fonts-recommended  \
      texlive-fonts-recommended-doc  \
      texlive-generic-recommended  \
      texlive-humanities-doc  \
      texlive-lang-german  \
      texlive-latex-base  \
      texlive-latex-base-doc  \
      texlive-latex-extra  \
      texlive-latex-extra-doc  \
      texlive-latex-recommended  \
      texlive-latex-recommended-doc  \
      texlive-luatex  \
      texlive-math-extra  \
      texlive-metapost-doc  \
      texlive-pictures  \
      texlive-pictures-doc  \
      texlive-pstricks  \
      texlive-pstricks-doc  \
      texlive-publishers-doc  \
      texlive-science-doc  \
      texlive-doc-base  \
      texlive-doc-en  \
      texlive-doc-fr  \
      texlive-fonts-extra  \
      texlive-formats-extra  \
      texlive-full  \
      texlive-games  \
      texlive-generic-extra  \
      texlive-humanities  \
      texlive-lang-all  \
      texlive-latex3  \
      texlive-metapost  \
      texlive-music  \
      texlive-omega  \
      texlive-plain-extra  \
      texlive-publishers  \
      texlive-science  \
      texlive-xetex  \
      context mathtex biblatex biblatex-dw latex-make latex-mk \
      latex2html latex2rtf latex2rtf-doc latexdiff latexdraw \
      writer2latex writer2latex-manual \
      texpower texpower-manual texpower-examples \
      auctex \
      dblatex \
      doxygen-latex \
      latex-beamer \
      latex-xcolor \
      latex2html \
      linuxdoc-tools-latex \
      preview-latex-style \
      biblatex \
      biblatex-dw \
      c++-annotations-latex \
      csv2latex \
      cweb-latex \
      fcitx-table-latex \
      geany-plugin-latex \
      gedit-latex-plugin \
      gnuhtml2latex \
      ibus-table-latex \
      klatexformula \
      latex-fonts-sipa-arundina \
      latex-fonts-thai-tlwg \
      latex-make \
      latex-mk \
      latex2rtf \
      latex2rtf-doc \
      latexdiff \
      latexdraw \
      latexila \
      latexila-data \
      latexmk \
      latexml \
      libjlatexmath-fop-java \
      libjlatexmath-java \
      libjlatexmath-java-doc \
      libklatexformula3 \
      libklatexformula3-dev \
      liblatex-decode-perl \
      liblatex-driver-perl \
      liblatex-encode-perl \
      liblatex-table-perl \
      liblatex-tom-perl \
      libtemplate-plugin-latex-perl \
      libwriter2latex-java \
      libwriter2latex-java-doc \
      pidgin-latex \
      r-base-core \
      rcs-latex \
      tomboy-latex \
      vim-latexsuite \
      writer2latex \
      writer2latex-manual 
   else
      aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  \
      texlive texlive-base texlive-bibtex-extra texlive-common \
      texlive-doc-base texlive-doc-en texlive-doc-fr texlive-extra-utils \
      texlive-font-utils texlive-fonts-extra texlive-fonts-extra-doc \
      texlive-fonts-recommended texlive-fonts-recommended-doc  \
      texlive-generic-recommended texlive-humanities-doc \
      texlive-lang-all texlive-latex-base texlive-latex-base-doc \
      texlive-latex-extra texlive-latex-extra-doc  \
      texlive-latex-recommended texlive-latex-recommended-doc \
      texlive-luatex texlive-math-extra texlive-metapost-doc \
      texlive-pictures texlive-pictures-doc texlive-pstricks \
      texlive-pstricks-doc texlive-publishers  \
      texlive-publishers-doc texlive-science texlive-science-doc \
      texlive-formats-extra texlive-full texlive-games  \
      texlive-generic-extra texlive-humanities texlive-latex3 \
      texlive-metapost texlive-music texlive-omega texlive-plain-extra \
      texlive-xetex texlive-binaries latex-beamer  \
      biblatex biblatex-dw latex-make latex-mk \
      latex2html latex2rtf latex2rtf-doc latexdiff latexdraw \
      writer2latex writer2latex-manual \
      texpower texpower-manual texpower-examples \
      context  \
      mathtex
   fi

ncurses

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install ncurses-base ncurses-bin

VirtualBox

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install virtualbox

Remove insecure services

   aptitude -y -q purge telnet rsh-server rsh-client

Add Standard Shells

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install bash dash csh ksh tcsh zsh zsh-doc

Setup /xhbin, Some scripts expect those shells to be in /xhbin

   mkdir /xhbin 
   ln -s /bin/bash /xhbin 
   ln -s /bin/dash /xhbin 
   ln -s /bin/csh /xhbin 
   ln -s /bin/ksh /xhbin 
   ln -s /bin/sh /xhbin 
   ln -s /bin/tcsh /xhbin 
   ln -s /bin/zsh /xhbin 
   # LDAP login needs this
   ln -s /bin/false /xhbin 

Setup NTP

   # Make sure the NTP package is installed on your host
   backup /etc/ntp.conf
   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install ntp ntpdate
   # Install the CSCF ntp.conf file (if you're on the UW campus network):
   # sudo wget https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/cscf/software/ntp/etc/ntp.conf -O /etc/ntp.conf
   wget -q --no-check-certificate https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/cscf/software/ntp/etc/ntp.conf -O /etc/ntp.conf
   # Restart ntp:
   /etc/init.d/ntp restart
   # You can check that it is working with:
   ntpq -p

Setup SNMP

   # Backup snmp files only once
   backup /etc/snmp/snmp.conf
   backup /etc/default/snmpd
   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install snmpd
   # Install the CSCF SNMP configuration files:
   wget --no-check-certificate -q https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/cscf/software/snmp/etc/snmp/snmpd.conf -O /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf
   wget --no-check-certificate -q https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/cscf/software/snmp/etc/default/snmpd -O /etc/default/snmpd
   # Restart SNMP
   #  You will get a "warning/error" "Bad group id: snmp" until after the host is added to the AD domain.
   /etc/init.d/snmpd restart

Setup Network Services Caching Daemon

   aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install nscd

Purge insecure services

# We don't want clear text passwords being used for network connections
   aptitude -y -q purge telnet rsh-server rsh-client

Setup Cups

   # 13.04 or greater ?
   if compare_ge $RELEASENO 13.04
   then
      # 13.04 used cups-browsed to poll servers
       # update /etc/cups/cups-browsed.conf
      aptitude install --with-recommends cups-daemon cups-client cups-browsed cups
      aptitude install --with-recommends bluez-cups cups-bsd cups-common cups-driver-gutenprint \
         cups-filters cups-pdf cups-ppdc cups-pk-helper ghostscript-cups \
         printer-driver-gutenprint printer-driver-hpcups printer-driver-postscript-hp \
         python-cups python-cupshelpers 
      wget --no-check-certificate -q https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/twiki/pub/CF/UbuntuImageCreation/cups-browsed.conf -O /etc/cups/cups-browsed.conf
      service cups-browsed restart
      # ===================================================================
   else
      aptitude -q -y --with-recommends install  cups cups-pdf
      # backup cupsd.conf only once
      backup /etc/cups/cupsd.conf 
      wget --no-check-certificate -q https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/twiki/pub/CF/UbuntuImageCreation/cupsd.conf -O /etc/cups/cupsd.conf
      /etc/init.d/cups restart
   fi
   # Note - it will take some time to have the printers show up so we will move setting the
   # default to the end of the script

Add recommened packages

   apt-get -y -q --install-recommends dist-upgrade

Setup Samba - but with local only config for now...

   # Setup Samba with local Host only access
   apt-get -y -q install samba
   # Configure local samba with vmware access
   # backup smb.conf only once
   # If you want SAMBA to be available to external hosts update the *interfaces* line 
   # to read: =interfaces = lo vmnet* eth*=
   if [ ! -f /etc/samba/smb.conf ]
   then
      backup /etc/samba/smb.conf
      wget --no-check-certificate -q https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/twiki/pub/CF/UbuntuImageCreation/smb.conf -O /etc/samba/smb.conf
   fi

Create sysmlinks for /u../u9 to /home

   for i in u u1 u2 u3 u4 u5 u6 u7 u8 u9
   do
      if [ -L /$i ]
      then
         echo Symlink /$i exists
         ls -l /$i
      else
         if [ -d /$i ]
         then
            echo Directory /$i exists
         else
            ln -s /home /$i
            ls -l /$i
         fi
      fi
   done

Update Disk Scheduler Options to deadline - Recommended

   PROG=fix_scheduler
   # Update script if needed
   rm -f /etc/$PROG
   wget --no-check-certificate -nd -nH -nc https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/twiki/pub/CF/UbuntuImageCreation/$PROG -O /etc/$PROG
   chmod 755 /etc/$PROG
   # Has rc.local been patched \?
   if grep "^/etc/$PROG" /etc/rc.local >/dev/null 2>&1
   then
      echo /etc/rc.local already patched
   else
      echo Backup and Patch /etc/rc.local to add $PROG script
      backup /etc/rc.local
      sed_file "s;exit 0;/etc/$PROG;" /etc/rc.local
      echo "exit 0" >>/etc/rc.local
   fi
   echo skipping

Setup Host Name Resolving Service.

   echo We do not want any other packages that tamper with /etc/resolv.conf
   apt-get -y purge resolvconf

Installing CS resolv.conf

*NOT USED BY DEFAULT*
   echo skipping
   echo the CS resolv.conf file is busted out of date, wrong
   # wget --no-check-certificate -q -O /tmp/resolv.conf https://www.cs.uwaterloo.ca/cscf/software/ubuntu/UW-CS-GradPC/etc/resolv.conf && mv -f /tmp/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf

Installing backup scripts

   rsync -a scripts/ /scripts
   echo Adding prototype crontab entry for system backup
   echo The entry is just a comment for now - please edit this
   echo See /scripts/README.txt for details
   backup /etc/crontab
   cat scripts/crontab >>/etc/crontab

Install LC

   cd "$HDIR"
   pushd lc
   make clean
   make install 
   popd

Install Matlab

   # This will result in a harmless error when running under 11.04
   # /usr/local/matlab/bin/util/oscheck.sh: 605: /lib64/libc.so.6: not found
   # find /lib | grep libc.so
   # /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.so.6
   if [ ! -f /lib64/libc.so.6 ]
   then
      ln -s /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.so.6 /lib64/libc.so.6
   fi
   MATLAB=matlab-R2012a-x86_64.tar.gz
   try rsync -a $ROPT  -e "ssh -S ${CM_PATH_E}" \
      $CM_USER@$CM_HOST:/coregroup1/images/packages/$MATLAB \
      /tmp
   cd /
   tar xzf /tmp/$MATLAB
   rm /tmp/$MATLAB

Install Maple

   MAPLE=maple14-x64.tar.gz
   try rsync -a $ROPT  -e "ssh -S ${CM_PATH_E}" \
      $CM_USER@$CM_HOST:/coregroup1/images/packages/$MAPLE \
      /tmp
   cd /
   tar xzf /tmp/$MAPLE
   rm /tmp/$MAPLE

set default printer to lj_csgrad

   # Set the default printer last to give time for the printer list to update
   lpadmin -d lj_csgrad

End of AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED section

END of updates script

Old Ubuntu 10.04 combined package list - not used

Notes on other Common Software

CUPS

  • Edit /etc/cups/cupsd.conf and make/verify the following changes
      # Show shared printers on the local network.
      Browsing On
      BrowseOrder allow,deny
      BrowseAllow all
      BrowseAddress @LOCAL
      BrowsePoll print.cs.uwaterloo.ca
      BrowseInterval 3600
      BrowseTimeout 3700

APC UPS

  • apt-get install apcupsd
  • cd /etc/apcupsd
  • For USB connections change the following directives to read as follows:
    • UPSCABLE usb
    • UPSTYPE
    • #DEVICE /dev/ttyS0

Backups

Legato Backup

DenyHosts

Subversion

  • See: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Subversion
  • apt-get install subversion subversion-tools python-subversion statsvn git-svn
    • apt-get install xinetd
    • Create /etc/xinetd.d/svn
         service svn
         {
              disable = no
              port = 3690
              socket_type = stream
              protocol = tcp
              wait = no
              type = UNLISTED
              user = root
              server = /usr/bin/svnserve
              server_args = -d
              #server_args = -i -r /myrepo
         }
         
    • /etc/init.d/xinetd restart

Apache

Email

Setting up Quotas

Denyhosts

Using Old Passwords

After copying the passwords from an old machine some don't work - this is the fix

*Continue to Ubuntu Release Specific Section Below*</verbatim></verbatim>
Topic attachments
I Attachment Action Size Date Who Comment
Unknown file formatEXT Makefile manage 0.3 K 2013-06-25 - 11:58 MikeGore Make file for updates2twiki and twiki.txt
Unknown file formatEXT common manage 15.1 K 2013-06-25 - 11:57 MikeGore common
Unknown file formatconf cups-browsed.conf manage 1.0 K 2015-11-13 - 10:39 MikeGore cups-browsed.conf does browse poll functions now
Unknown file formatconf cupsd.conf manage 1.8 K 2010-11-17 - 09:47 MikeGore Ubuntu 10.04 cupsd.conf file modified for CS
Unknown file formatEXT fix_scheduler manage 2.0 K 2012-01-20 - 12:14 MikeGore Script to update the disk scheduler settings
Unknown file formatEXT packages manage 74.9 K 2009-08-17 - 15:36 MikeGore 9.04 Packages after cscf additions
Unknown file formatconf smb.conf manage 11.0 K 2010-02-05 - 14:26 MikeGore smb.conf
Texttxt twiki.txt manage 28.8 K 2013-11-28 - 20:38 MikeGore twiki docs from updates script
Texttxt ubuntu10_04.txt manage 38.7 K 2010-11-26 - 11:18 MikeGore  
Unknown file formatEXT updates manage 38.2 K 2013-06-25 - 11:56 MikeGore twiki docs from updates script
C source code filec updates2twiki.c manage 4.8 K 2013-06-25 - 11:59 MikeGore updates2twiki.c
Unknown file formatEXT uwdir manage 10.8 K 2012-05-10 - 12:05 MikeGore uwdir script
Topic revision: r90 - 2015-11-13 - MikeGore
 
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