The second major thrust of the electronic publishing work is in extending formatting software to be applicable to non-Latin-alphabet-based languages, such as Arabic, Chinese, Persian, Hebrew, and Japanese.

Berry and several of his students had successfully developed bi- and tri-directional versions of AT&T's device-independent formatter, TROFF. These versions are capable of formatting fully illustrated technical documents in the Latin-alphabet and other left-to-right alphabets, the Hebrew and Arabic alphabets, and the Chinese and Japanese alphabets in the left-to-right, right-to-left and top-to-bottom directions.

Below are references to the older work in this area that is not covered in detail by the abstracts in these WEB pages.