Daniel G. Brown
Professor and Director
David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science
University of Waterloo
Ph.D. (Computer Science), Cornell, 2000
S.B. (Mathematics with Computer Science), MIT, 1995
(Me, with chickenpox spots, February 2007. Not pleasant.)
(Many more cute photos of Rover)
(A formal photo of me from early 2005, which I
(An old photo of me from the late '90s, when I
lived in Ithaca. I don't look like this anymore...)
I perform research on bioinformatics, music information retrieval, computational
creativity, and, with the
Lab, on prevention of problem
I am currently serving a brief (six-month) term as Director of the
School of Computer Science at Waterloo. Mark Giesbrecht, the once and
future Director, is currently on sabbatical. I am the once and future
Director of Undergraduate Studies for CS; I will return to that job in
January of 2019.
I am the Treasurer of
Association of the University of Waterloo (FAUW), which is the
official representative of Waterloo's faculty members.
Answers to most important questions about FAUW are
on our website,
or can be obtained by contacting our fantastic
You may find my CV in .pdf
or HTML versions here. My Google
Scholar page lists my publications. The summaries below don't link
to papers, but they should all be in my Scholar record; if it's
confusing, let me know.
- Phylogenetics: QTree and LSHtree are two very fast algorithms for
phylogenetic tree reconstruction that I designed with Jakub
QTree uses a complex search structure and a neat random
walk approach to add new taxa to a growing tree,
with O(n log n) runtime in a quartet
LSHtree adds new taxa to a growing tree by using hashing to
approximately locate the taxon, and then doing quartet queries to place
the taxon. It offers the first sub-quadratic runtime for an algorithm
that reconstructs trees in a Markov model of evolution.
As part of proving one of the theorems in the first QTree paper, I
needed a tail inequality for negative bionomial random variables. I
couldn't find any good links for "negative binomial Chernoff", so I
spent forever proving something that should've been
obvious. Now you don't need to. (And yes,
this is sort-of in the Dubhashi/Panconesi book, but not with the
emphasis it might have had.)
- Robustness to outliers: Margareta Ackerman and David Loker and I
adapted some of their theoretical work on clustering to look at what
kinds of properties various phylogenetic algorithms satisfy.
- Sequence correction: I have done two separate projects in this
Pollux is a sequence-correction method for
large sets of second-generation sequence reads, developed by Eric
Marinier and Brendan McConkey and me.
a heavily-cited, very fast algorithm for fixing overlapping reads
sequenced from, for example, ribosomal genes. Because the method is so
fast, and because
Andre Masella's code is very
solid, it is easily incorporated without
pain into other pipelines for metagenomic analysis.
- I have also worked on alignment, gene finding, haplotype inference,
motif finding, HMM decoding, HIV subtype detection, kinship discovery,
and a host of other bioinformatics problems. If it's NP-hard
and a sequence or tree problem, there's a good chance I have studied
why it's easy to solve in practice, and I might have developed a
surprisingly fast algorithm for it.
- Music and lyrics
- RhymeAnalyzer: My former MMath student Hussein Hirjee and I
developed an algorithm for detecting rhymes in rap music lyrics.
They're interesting because they tend to be long, internal, and
imperfect. The program is on SourceForge; Hussein has finished
his MD (yes, really) at the University of Western Ontario, and is now a
resident in psychiatry in Toronto.
- Rhyme complexity: Abhishek Singhi noticed that the RhymeAnalyzer
can be used to predict which songs are successful. Gratifyingly, the
more successful songs have more complex rhyme patterns, according to
- Alignment: With a group in France, I adapted BLAST-style
bioinformatics seeding of alignment to the cover song detection
problem. With a group in the Netherlands, we are also exploring use of
multiple alignment in this same domain.
- We've also studied some cross-cultural aspects of music lyrics and
their understanding, and also whether poetry and lyrics differ.
- Computational creativity
- I have this awesome PhD student, Carolyn Lamb, whom I co-supervise with
Charlie Clarke, and
she's studying how to make computers make poetry. And be creative in
general. Most of our first papers (in ICCC, the International
Conference on Computational Creativity and in the Bridges conference)
are about assessment: what are people looking for in poetry in general
and digital poetry in particular. Coming soon, a "news
poet" that creates sonnets inspired by recent current events.
- Problem gambling
- Largely because of my concerns about casino gambling, I've recently
affiliated with the
Gambling Research Lab at Waterloo. We're doing a lot of work on
trying to get good information about how slot machines work into players'
hands, currently culminating in a project to (essentially) put calorie
labels on slot machines. We have also studied a variety of other
gambling methods, like scratch tickets and bingo.
These are the courses I have taught at UW:
- Introduction to
Computer Science 2 (CS 116), a course I
developed and co-ordinated, and taught in its initial offering in
- Computational techniques in biological sequence analysis (CS 482/682), a course I developed
and co-ordinate, which I have taught eight times.
- Designing Functional Programs (CS 135)
- Algorithms (CS 341)
- Theory of computation (CS 360), which I have taught five times.
- Algorithmic methods in phylogenetics (CS 798)
- Markov Chains, Mixing Times and Concentration (CS 798)
- Advanced topics in bioinformatics: large-scale sequence analysis (CS 882)
I have a bad habit of saying "yes", which has resulted in my serving in a
number of administrative roles.
I am currently serving as Director of the School, and have been in that
role since July 2018. I will serve as Director until December 2018;
Mark Giesbrecht will return to the role in January 2019.
I am the Treasurer of the Faculty Association, and have been since July 2016.
I have twice been the Director of Undergraduate Studies for CS. I served in this
role from July 2013 to December 2014, and then returned to the role from
July 2016 to June 2018. I chaired our curriculum committee, and also
directed the undergraduate staff. I will return to the DUS role for a
third time from January 2019 to June 2019.
From July, 2011 to June, 2013, I was Associate Director of the School,
which means that I acted as Director
when David Taylor
was away, and also meant that I chaired a variety of School committees.
From July 2006 to June 2009, I was the School's Director of First-Year
Studies. As a role without much portfolio, this mostly meant I served in
several School and Faculty committees, with a particular eye on first-year curricula.
From February 2013 until June 2014, I was Waterloo's Academic Colleague to the Council of Ontario
Universities, which means I've met most of the university presidents in
Ontario, more than any other thing.
From 2008 to 2014, I served
on the University Senate and its Executive Committee.
From 2010 to 2014, and for the first half of 2016, I was a member of the Faculty
Association's Status of Women and Equity Committee; I have also been
the representative from FAUW or from SWEC to a number of diversity-related
committees on campus.
I've decided to put these on their own page. You can find out more about
me as a person here.
And finally, I am not the bestselling author Dan Brown, nor are we
related. I don't like his writing. We have corresponded in the past, but
that was long ago. Please don't send me fan mail or threats.
David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science
University of Waterloo
200 University Ave., W.
Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
voice: 519-888-4567 x36278
last updated 2 july 2016