Seminar • Algorithms and Complexity — An Optimal Separation of Randomized and Quantum Query ComplexityExport this event to calendar

Wednesday, April 14, 2021 — 1:00 PM EDT

Please note: This seminar will be given online.

Pei Wu, Computer Science Department
University of California, Los Angeles

We prove that for every decision tree, the absolute values of the Fourier coefficients of given order $\ell\geq1$ sum to at most $c^{\ell}\sqrt{\binom{d}{\ell}(1+\log n)^{\ell-1}},$ where $n$ is the number of variables, $d$ is the tree depth, and $c>0$ is an absolute constant. This bound is essentially tight and settles a conjecture due to Tal (arxiv 2019; FOCS 2020). 

The bounds prior to our work degraded rapidly with $\ell,$ becoming trivial already at $\ell=\sqrt{d}.$ As an application, we obtain, for every integer $k\geq1,$ a partial Boolean function on $n$ bits that has bounded-error quantum query complexity at most $\lceil k/2 rceil$ and randomized query complexity $\tilde{\Omega}(n^{1-1/k}).$ This separation of bounded-error quantum versus randomized query complexity is best possible, by the results of Aaronson and Ambainis (STOC 2015). 

Prior to our work, the best known separation was polynomially weaker: $O(1)$ versus $\Omega(n^{2/3-\epsilon})$ for any $\epsilon>0$ (Tal, FOCS 2020). As another application, we obtain an essentially optimal separation of $O(\log n)$ versus $\Omega(n^{1-\epsilon})$ for bounded-error quantum versus randomized communication complexity, for any $\epsilon>0.$ The best previous separation was polynomially weaker: $O(\log n)$ versus $\Omega(n^{2/3-\epsilon})$ (implicit in Tal, FOCS 2020).


To join this seminar on Zoom, please go to https://zoom.us/j/92777907255?pwd=c05GVVc4UTVhNE5JNnJTbW5ndW45Zz09.

Location 
Online seminar
200 University Avenue West

Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1
Canada
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